Photography Historical Background and Transformation

Brief Introduction:

Photography has proven to be one of the greatest and most important inventions in history, giving us a new way of remembering the events of our lives. More than that, photography proves to be a strong ally in our development.

Photography covers various areas of human life and daily life, as it is the mechanism for archiving a moment.

Have you ever stopped to think that photography is involved everywhere? OR do you think you would be reading this text on your Smartphone OR Notebook if the photograph did not exist?

If we ask anyone in any country what a photograph is, we will get several different answers and somehow all will be correct.

But if we question what technically photography is, few will know how to answer.

The word photography generally comes from composition of two Greek words “foss” means light and “graffiti” style / brush. And the full meaning is: drawing with light and contrast. This is also the answer to the theoretical question.

Photography, as soon as it came into being, was not considered art, and there is still a range of adverse opinions about it. For some critics, photography cannot be considered art because of the ease of producing it. On the other side, some critics believe that it can be considered art as long as it is an interpretation of reality, and not just a copy.

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Historical Overview:

Taking in the knowledge of the history of photography will show that, it is important to understanding how using light to create images has brought us so much evolution.

In the past it was not so easy to make a beautiful photograph. In fact, it was not easy to photograph. The first recognized photograph was taken in 1826 by the Frenchman Joseph Nicephore Niepce however the development of photography cannot be attributed to just one person.

Several discoveries over time have been added to make it possible to develop photography as it is known today. Chemists and physicists were the pioneers in this art.

Many scientists have researched photography in order to improve and refine it. Because of this, one cannot only attribute to the creation or development of photography, the product we have today is a sum of various techniques discovered by some people.

History of digital photography:

Digital photography has revolutionized the way we do and see photography, and here we will explore the history of digital photography.

We can go back to the history of digital photography in 1957 when Russell Kirsch produced the first digital image on a computer. At United States National Bureau of Standards, he developed a scanner in which he produced a digital image from a photograph of his son.

In 1969, George Smith and Willard Boyle developed charge-coupled-device CCD. And CCD has been at the center of the development of digital photography as it is the instrument (sensor) that allows light to be converted into electrical signals. The first CCD was only 100 x 100 pixels.

In 1973 Fairchild Imaging began commercial production of CCD sensors, which became the development base of the digital photography world.

In 1975 an Eastman Kodak engineer, Steve Sasson, created what might be called the first digital still camera. He used a Fairchild CCD sensor and a Kodak camcorder lens.

In 1981 the first truly digital camera was built by a team of scientists from the University of Calgary Canada, It was designated All Sky and was developed for shooting aurora borealis and used a 100 x 100 pixel Fairchild CCD sensor.

In 1986 Kodak introduced the first sensor with more than 1 megapixel. The 1.4 megapixel sensor developed by Kodak was used for industrial and scientific use.

In 1988 Fujifilm announced the launch of the first camera that stored information on a memory card. Despite being widely used today, this form of information storage was at that time absolutely revolutionary. The memory card used is DS-1P made it possible to store information corresponding to between five and ten photos.

Then, during the nineties of the last century and the first decade of the 21st century, we have seen significant advances in the use of digital technology in photography and its true implementation photography markets.

As early as 1990 Adobe released the first version of Photoshop. However, in 1989 and Macintosh had already launched image editing software Color Studio 1.0 which marks an important milestone in the history of digital photography.

In 1991 Kodak launched the first digital photography system for use by photojournalists. This system used a Nikon F-3 analog camera adapted with a 1.3 megapixel CCD sensor. The system was named Kodak Professional DCS 200 IR digital camera.

The impact of digital photography was not fully felt until the first decade of the 21st century.  And very significant historical events such as the attacks of September 11, 2001 were almost entirely photographed using analogue cameras.

One of the most profound impacts of digital photography has been of photo sharing, which has led to a change in the definition and design of public and private spaces. The way we interact with our surroundings and how we share this experience with others.

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Transformation and Development:

Over time the essence of photography has not changed, however, technological advances make it increasingly possible to improve the quality of photography.

We can say that the progressive transformation of photography happens from a medium that was dependent on the development of chemical processes and on light-sensitive materials for the use of digital technologies which was a slow process to digital photography in which the time between taking a photo and putting it online can be only a fraction of a second.

The emergence of digital technology, digital photography has been successively transformed and improved, with regard to the development of new cameras, sensors, and ways of storing and transferring files and, most importantly, the quality of photographic images. .

With the advent of digital photography, many photographic paradigms have changed. With smaller, easier-to-handle devices that produce high-quality photographs, the Internet making it easier for images to flow, photography has become much simpler and more popular than it once was.

It is difficult to predict what will be the next major developments in digital photography. However, we can anticipate that they will be related to how digital image capture will allow us to move further and further away from the optical relationship to reality into the global world of virtual reality.

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